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A Discussion of Intervals
To understand minor, augmented and dimished, you need to understand intervals. An interval is the distance between two notes. Intervals are always counted from the lower note to the higher one, with the lower note being counted as one.
Intervals come in different qualities and size. If the notes are sounded successively, it is a melodic interval. If sounded simultaneously, then it is a harmonic interval.
The smallest interval used in Western music is the half step. A visual representation of a half step would be the distance between two consecutive frets on the mandolin. There are two exceptions to this rule, as two natural half steps occur between the notes E and F, and B and C.
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